Stone Countertop Discoloration: Staining vs. Etching

Owners of stone countertops may notice various discolorations on the counter surface over time, caused by a number of factors. These blemishes can broadly be classified as either staining or etching, and each has its own preventative measures and repair methods. Therefore, it’s important to know what kind of discoloration you are dealing with, and which steps to take to both protect your stone countertops and fix any existing damage.

Staining: The porosity of natural stones varies greatly, and so does, of course, their absorbency. We seal our products during installation to help prevent staining; however, this process does not make the stone 100% impervious to liquid. Some stones may absorb liquids, and if such liquids are staining agents, a stain might occur. A stain is usually darker than the stained material, while the surface finish of the stone remains smooth.

Etching: Other “discolorations” have nothing to do with the porosity of the stone, but rather are a result of damage to the stone surface. If the discoloration appears to be lighter in color (may look like “water spots” or “water rings”), it is probably an etch mark. An etch mark is a chemical burn that forms when acid, ammonia, or alcohol comes into contact with the calcium carbonate element that exists in certain natural stones. These marks look like the finish or the shine has been removed from the surface of the stone. The area that is etched can feel a little rough to the touch. Etching is most common on marble, quartzite, travertine, onyx, and limestone surfaces.

GOOD NEWS! Stains can usually be removed and most etch marks can be repaired. Just give us a call! Our skilled craftsmen are specially trained to repair your stone and protect your investment.

Granite and Marble Works